The Nollendorf mountain cemetery

Mountain cemetery in winter was the title of our home page   Aussiger messenger” in February 2004 a picture of the mountain cemetery in Nollendorf? Could the Nollendorfer afford such beautiful tombstones with wrought-iron grave fences and tombs? Yes, it was the mountain cemetery in Nollendorf! It is beautiful for us At the same time, this picture also reminds of a time that was a special time for the Nollendorfer, who demanded a lot of performance and devotion. ”   I want to tell you about the chronicle of Nollendorf.

Through the imperial road from Teplitz-Schönau to Pirna, the new roads to Schönwald and Königswald a lot of passenger and freight traffic. Caring for travelers and haulage services for heavy wagons brought employment and revenue. The big peasants, the  horse farmers   themselves became carters.They traded in grain, hay and hops and used construction materials, wood and coal.The extra earnings were necessary because all the families had many children.There were families with fourteen and fifteen children. However, some children died in childhood.

In 1870 Nollendorf had six hundred inhabitants. So it was good that coal mining in the Karbitzer Wanne and the button industry in Peterswald, Tyssa and Königswald could provide jobs. Women and children looked after the fields and that cattle. In addition, they did a lot of homework through knitting, spinning, weaving and button making. Construction brigades with masons, carpenters and roofers went to major construction sites in the country, but also to Saxony and to Berlin. At some railway station, at barracks craftsmen from Nollendorf have worked.

The elementary school in Nollendorf was not well equipped for the many children, also from Jungferndorf and Oberwald, but it had good teachers. Herr Anton Köhler, the father of our chronicler, senior teacher Rudolf Köhler, taught from 1838 to 1877 in Nollendorf. The teachers, but also the pastors, provided good instruction and encouraged the gifted students. It is thanks to them that these students received excellent training mostly through studies at the high school in Mariaschein at the teacher training institute in Leitmeritz or at the university in Prague. Between 1860 and 1914 there were eight teachers, two pastors; two doctors and a lawyer from Nollendorf. A man studied law in Prague, became state post-commissioner in northern Bohemia and was awarded the title Hofrat in 1919 in Vienna. Two men were officers of the kuk Army of Austria-Hungary. – Ten people emigrated to America during this time.

In 1892 the cemetery in Nollendorf had to be extended. One hundred square fathoms of field, about 354 m2, were purchased and the cemetery wall built. The cost of this was considerable and the council decided to grant gravesites in pre-emption.  So it happened that many families acquired tombs, some even four to six tombs. Three families bought places for tombs, which were built in the cemetery corner towards Aussig. Of two tombs, I still know the name of the owner. A crypt belonged to the family of Mrs. Marie Wagner, geb. Hübner from No. 41. She was the owner of the former Judge No. 1, known as Gasthof zur Schenke “A tomb belonged to the Karl Hübner family No. 41. In 1908, Karl Hübner sen. Gave the building site for the construction of the  Kaiserwarte ” tower .

On April 28, 1975, our church was blown up and completely removed along with the cemetery. Only lawn now covers this place. We Nollendorfer set up a wooden cross in June 1992 to commemorate our dead. Fortunately, the cross is still standing.