" Peterswald 100 years ago"

” Peterswald 100 years ago”

Emperor Josef II in Peterswald

After this war Josef II traveled northern Bohemia. On September 23, the Emperor of Tetschen rode over Schneeberg, Tyssa, to Nollendorf, around lunchtime on the Poststraße to Peterswald and dined at the post office. In the afternoon he rode the mail along the Spitzberg, to Saxony, came back to Peterswald in the evening, where he spent the night in the post office. On the morning of the 24th of September he rode over Schönwald to Zinnwald.

Report of the Emperor

The Emperor reports in his diary: “On September 23, the Emperor rode early to Ugersdorf, Biela, on the Schneeberg. View very nicely against Tyssa to Oberwald, Nollendorf, incomparably to Teplitz view; Prince Henry also camped here during his retrial. From there on the Poststraße to Peterswald riding. The valley over Königswald to Peterswald is quite practicable for driving, as well as all woodland here are intersected with good transport routes. After dinner we rode from Peterswald to Pitzberg in the place where the Prussian column always marched, through Hellendorf, Gießhübel, Kottner Höhe, and so long ago the Pisition which the Saxons and the Prince had taken, both Ravius von Gießhübel from Gottleuba, stayed far away from the front, everywhere the left wing appeals to Kotta and the right to Liebstadt appeals; From there we rode back over Bernersdorf, Breitenau to Schönwald and then around the Spitzberg to Peterswald. Although the position seems good, but still on her right flank … not impossible to tour …. On the 24th we rode early to Peterswald 1)about Schoenwald, Streckenwald, Ebersdorf “….
Josef II had also looked around the place itself, church, school and the post office visited.A special highlight for Peterswald is in the middle of the 18th century emerging buckles and button industry.

The buckle industry

Buckles were needed for a variety of things, such as shoes, headgear, etc. Buckles needed the tailor, shoemaker; Saddler and furrier; it was certainly a worthwhile industry that brought in money. The first one to make buckles was a certain Christian Hieke (1757). He had come there and there on his travels, had seen and learned many things. At first he made different forms of simple buckles and tried to mold them; the attempt succeeded. He poured the buckles out of pewter, then out of brass. When they came out of shape, they were cleaned by rubbing and filing. Hieke showed a tremendous amount of knowledge in the tailing foundry and invented certain advantages. He also made buckles inlaid with silver. The finished buckles were packed with care, and each man sold his goods in larger cities himself, and also visited the larger markets. Since the buckle makers delivered a good product, they also found great sales. Except the Christian Hieke2) soon found others who operated the Schnitzel Foundry.


1) Since Peterswald had no pastor, so in the morning, when church service was, a clergyman came from Schoenwald; the church visitors usually waited in front of the church until the clergyman arrived at the appointed time. It is now said that Emperor Joseph asked what they stand in front of the church? We wait for the clergyman who comes from Schoenwald and holds the service was the answer. Such a great place and not a pastor, said the Emperor Joseph. You shall receive a pastor.

2) A certain Anton Hieke, b. 1783 in Peterswald, became on 26 June 1817 pastor in Tyssa, remained until 12 September 1845 and then moved to Aussig. (Memoralbuch Tyssa, p.10.)

Josef Stelz and Heinz Wolf, 1984