Cinema - Experiences in times of peace and war

Fits to the statements in the local chronicle of Tyssa on the local cinema, I would like to describe some experiences from my youth. I was born in 1928, in Tyssa, and lived with my parents until being evicted from house No. 375 (Richter-Förster). I remember well that when I was six years old in 1934, I once went to Königswald with my grandmother to watch a movie in the local cinema for the first time because the cinema in Tyssa was not finished yet. The film “Emil and the detectives” was shown, which remained a lasting memory for me. How happy we were when Tyssa received its own cinema in October 1935 – and with modern technology and sophisticated interior design. It was a great sight to enter the cinema room, in which the walls and the balcony railings were covered with reddish, silver gray striped velvet fabric. As a teenager we rejoiced in addition to all this equipment also about the fact that even at the entrance between cash register and cloakroom a small kiosk was available, where you could buy sweets or the like. Particularly popular were the box seats in the upper floor – if the pocket money turned out to be a bit larger – because here could develop some delicate “youth friendship or childhood love”. where you could buy sweets or something similar. Particularly popular were the box seats in the upper floor – if the pocket money turned out to be a bit larger – because here could develop some delicate “youth friendship or childhood love”. where you could buy sweets or something similar. Particularly popular were the box seats in the upper floor – if the pocket money turned out to be a bit larger – because here could develop some delicate “youth friendship or childhood love”.

After 1938, of course, the cinema was not only used by showing entertaining feature films, but also as a “propagandistic educational institution”. With the “German newsreel”, which was always shown at the beginning of the films, one could consider the “great progress” in the Reich – until they reported at the outbreak of war victorious fighting on all fronts, but later also by “front straightening or shortening” , The film selection itself was also controlled from “above” by the “Reichsfilm-Kammer” – so that in addition to entertainment films, films about the unstoppable structure of the Third Reich were shown.

A large part of the youth was thrilled by showing films about the victorious operations of the individual Wehrmacht parts and knew their “heroes” in their dashing uniforms. At school, this enthusiasm was further awakened by the entry of special reports on successes on the fronts in a “war diary” as well as with the leadership of the front by sticking colorful flags on the map. Only in the course of the war, when the end was marked by great losses on the fronts and in the homeland, many began to think differently.

The cinema, in which many a pleasure movie before made the audience laugh, was now often serious celebration for fallen sons of the place. In solemn form, the fallen sons of the place were honored in the presence of their family members and the people of the place. Opposite the church was a notice box, in the former normal Kundmachungen were to be read. Now one could recognize the bereavement announcements of fallen for “leader, people and homeland” in it at the same time with the indication, when the ceremony for this fallen in the cinema takes place. The war claimed until 1945 alone 54 victims in the village. While the cinema still has its meaning for the new citizens of Tyssa,

War memorial

1944

2004